Posted by Connie R. Aponte on November 2, 2013 in Job |


Job satisfaction refers to a person’s feeling of satisfaction on the job which act as a motivation to work. It is not the self-satisfaction, happiness or self-contentment but the satisfaction on the job.

Satisfaction does mean the simple feeling state accompanying the attainment by an impulse of its objective. Research workers differently described the factors contributing the job satisfaction and the job dissatisfaction.


Job satisfaction will be defined as “the amount of overall positive effect or feelings that individuals have towards their jobs” – Fieldman and Arnold.


Paul E. Spector (1997) summarizes the findings concerning how people feel towards work, including: cultural and gender differences in job satisfaction and personal and organizational causes; and potential consequences of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction. He provides with a pithy overview of the application, assessment, causes and consequences of job satisfaction.

Sophie Rowan (2008) reveals how to create a happier work life, without changing career. She provides practical and realistic guidance on how one can achieve optimal job satisfaction and overcome the obstacles that make so many of us unhappy at work.

Robert M. Hochheiser (1998) reassessed the meaning of the workplace and proposed a simple formula for success- Forget the idea that hard work alone leads to success and instead focus on building good relationships. He asserts that the best way to win at work is to understand what is needed to support the egos of bosses, peers, and subordinates. Accurate assessment of those needs can then be indirectly associated with one’s own personal goals and exploited to make substantive workplace gains. Methods of determining needs are given for a variety of situations, and strategies are offered to help make some of the worst work situations at least marginally better through networking and personal development.

C. J. Cranny, Patricia Cain Smith, Eugene F. Stone (1992) reveals perceiving future opportunity can actually be more motivating than actually receiving a raise, getting promoted, or being given additional responsibilities.

Jane Boucher (2004) offers practical advice for improving both your attitude about your job and the job itself. She shows workers how to cope with keeping their jobs in this difficult economy.

Chris Stride, Toby D. Wall, Nick Catley (2008) presented widely used measurement scales of Job Satisfaction, Mental Health, Job-related Well-being and Organizational Commitment, along with benchmarking data for comparison. The benchmarking data is based on a sample of almost 60,000 respondents from 115 different organizations across a wide spectrum of industries and occupations. Information is given by occupational group, and is further broken down by age and gender.

Joanna Penn (2008) teaches how to improve your position in your current employment, gaining more from your job, discovering more about yourself and what it is you would be happy doing, stress management and people management.

Evren Esen (2007) examined in terms of industry and staff size as well as employee age and gender more than 20 indicators of job satisfaction including career-advancement opportunities, benefits, the flexibility to balance life and work, and compensation.

Elwood Chapman (1993) helps to determine employee level of satisfaction and then assists in making positive changes to increase both satisfaction level and quality of work.

Patricia Buhler, Jason Scott (2009) present an academic argument for building an employee-centered culture. They also examined a real-world case study of a company that has experienced the economic benefits of this practice, making it abundantly clear that modern businesses can’t afford not to make employee satisfaction a top priority.

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